Challenges in financial services
To effectively drive sustainable diversity, financial services firms must create a truly inclusive environment. They need to make sure employees feel:
- They are physically and mentally safe, not only in their regular duties but also in the event that they need to call out bad behavior (e.g., free from harassment, bullying, verbal abuse).
- Their ideas and feedback are listened to and valued.
- They are supported with mentoring, guidance and advocacy from senior leaders.
- They have equitable opportunities to develop, grow, and showcase their talent.
These objectives, however, are hard to achieve in organizations that are beholden to the fee-earners to deliver on short-term revenues. Front-line managers, who are supposed to oversee and guide these fee-earners, have limited effective resources at their disposal to influence them, either because the revenue generators are fairly autonomous or because the managers are reluctant to use any of the resources at their disposal for fear of rainmaker reprisal.
What firms should do
If firms want to make a real difference in their D&I, they need to:
- Understand the current state. The starting point for any firm that wants to improve its D&I is to undertake a deep and introspective analysis of its own baseline, including existing behaviors and barriers to improvement. The analysis should not only be quantitative (e.g., percentages of women and minorities at each level and division), but qualitative (e.g., what their people do and experience on a day-to-day basis, why, and whether they feel safe, valued, supported, and equitable). This fact base will provide a crisp starting point to assess the gap with the target.
- Set the “right” target. Creating an inclusive organization is a worthy cause in any context. Articulating the specific behaviors that are required, what is expected and what will no longer be tolerated, will depend on the context of each institution and its business strategy. Given the natural focus on financial results, management will always tend to prioritize business outcomes, so understanding how D&I helps the business — and creating a linkage — is critical. The next step is to translate your objectives into clear behaviors that are required going forward and that the firm wants to encourage and enable. But beware: Setting overly ambitious objectives that you’ll never meet will typically create cynicism and disappointment.
- Ensure the CEO and the entire C-Suite own and drive the efforts from the top. It is imperative to have the CEO or a President own and continuously communicate the importance of D&I, and to lead by example. That alone is not enough for systemic change. It is also critical for those with an impact over career trajectory and opportunities to be a part of spreading the message and leading the organization’s D&I actions. The starting point is the same, but it needs to spread from the President or CEO to the business line managers. It is also important for behaviors to not just be encouraged in speeches and emails, but to be modeled from the highest levels.
- Make it about more than metrics. A common mistake is to implement solely metric-based D&I goals. Doing so can lead to business line managers aiming to meet diversity quotas without consideration for inclusion. As a key part of clearly outlined expectations, those managers should be encouraged to demonstrate observable behaviors to promote D&I and show inclusive leadership. If they are asked only about the revenues their teams produce, it stands to reason that revenues will be their primary focus to the detriment of everything else, including D&I. It is also important that manager actions to promote D&I be brought up regularly than at annual reviews — and in both formal and informal ways. When asking about the progress of a particular deal, for instance, a senior leader might also ask the manager about the teamwork underlying the deal and acknowledge the actions that promoted an inclusive team.
- Make supporting changes to D&I infrastructure. In parallel to the above, the organization needs to strengthen their HR policies, processes, and procedures, starting from a clear vision and goals. It then can translate those into formal and well ingrained policies (including flexibility, support, etc.), hotlines and ombudsman, inclusion networks, diversity overlays over talent lifecycle (recruiting, onboarding, learning & development, performance and compensation management, succession planning, etc) and other D&I mechanisms such as benchmarking, and employee feedback.
Taken together, these measures can help set a firm on a path to becoming more diverse and inclusive, benefiting from all of the upside of diversity2 while also creating an environment that enables a more engaged, cooperative workforce. Improvements can help financial institutions better serve an increasingly diverse base of customers, avoid the perils of groupthink, and foster cooperation across functional, geographic, or service line silos. Further, a team that feels safe and supported will be more willing to raise potential issues and risks before they lead to loss of revenue or penalties from regulators.
2. See PwC’s Diversity is the solution, not a problem to solve (June 2018)