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Global M&A Trends in Industrial Manufacturing & Automotive Sectors: 2022 Outlook

Robust M&A activity is expected in 2022, as strategic portfolio review and ESG are deemed essential to long-term value creation in the industrial manufacturing and automotive sectors.

High COVID-19 vaccination rates in developed economies have led to a recent resurgence in industrial production in many countries, substantially improving the outlook of CEOs across industrial manufacturing and automotive (IM&A) sectors1. Now, both corporate players and investors have a clearer perspective on future demand, and the high levels of mergers and acquisitions (M&A) activity is a sign of their optimism about 2022.

This is leading to greater confidence in investment strategies, despite a range of macroeconomic and other headwinds: COVID-19 variants, supply chain bottlenecks, commodity price increases and a global semiconductor shortage, particularly in the automotive sector. Business leaders are reviewing their portfolios to focus on new growth areas and divesting non-core assets to take advantage of robust valuations. Deals that create the most value continue to be built through capabilities-driven acquisitions and product and platform expansion.

[1] Industrial manufacturing and automotive sectors include aerospace and defence, automotive, business services, engineering and construction, and industrial manufacturing.

“We are seeing a record level of transactions in the industrial manufacturing and automotive sectors powered by an abundance of capital and a growing number of private equity deals. We expect M&A in 2022 to remain strong with high multiples.”

Nicola AnzivinoGlobal Industrial Manufacturing and Automotive Deals Leader, Partner, PwC Italy

M&A activity and values

Industrial manufacturing and automotive sectors deal volumes and values, 2019-2021

Bar chart showing M&A volumes and values globally for the Industrial Manufacturing & Automotive industry sectors. Deal volumes increased by 36% between 2021 and 2020 and deal values increased by 144% over the same period.

Sources: Refinitiv, Dealogic and PwC analysis

Deal volumes and values increased across all sectors of IM&A as dealmakers recovered from pandemic-induced slowdowns. Europe, the Middle East and Africa (EMEA) was the region with the most deals in 2021, recording almost 5,000 for the year, 42% higher than in 2020. Deal values were greatest in the Americas (approximately 44% of the global IM&A deal values) and increased by 144% between 2020 and 2021, to almost US$300bn, boosted by a number of US megadeals—those with a deal value greater than US$5bn. The top three IM&A deals announced in 2021 were mergers with special purpose acquisition companies (SPACs), underlining the continuing importance of these investment vehicles to M&A, particularly in the automotive sector. Private equity (PE) is playing a greater role, accounting for approximately 36% of deal volume and 41% of deal value in 2021, an increase compared with the average over the previous five years of 26% and 34%, respectively.

M&A hotspots

We anticipate the following areas will be M&A hotspots during the first half of 2022:

  • Tech-driven transactions. Mergers and acquisitions that accelerate digital transformation are likely to continue to dominate the market and lead to premium valuations. In PwC’s Global M&A Industry Trends in Technology, Media & Telecommunications 2022 Outlook, we discuss how tech convergence will continue to dominate M&A in 2022. In IM&A, technologies vary, but include electric and autonomous vehicles, batteries and charging technologies, additive manufacturing, next-generation materials, production with non-fossil energy sources, data-driven insights, and the tools to monitor and report environmental, social and governance (ESG) performance.

  • Industrial deals in hydrogen. Hydrogen technology will continue to be top of the agenda for many CEOs; start-ups in this field are very attractive for acquisition, and will likely see strong buyout competition.

  • Shoring up supply chains. The need to build more resilient and sustainable supply chains will lead manufacturing players to make strategic acquisitions and invest through new capital expenditures.
  • A war for talent. The competition for human capital is on the rise, particularly in technology engineering roles; the ‘servicification’ of industrial manufacturing has led to the need within new business divisions to employ highly skilled professionals.

Key themes driving M&A activity

Digitalisation

Accelerated by COVID-19, digitalisation is now essential to maximise operational efficiency and leverage opportunities for new business models and revenue streams. One example is the rise of software and sensors, which have created recurring revenue opportunities from ongoing  maintenance services and data analytics subscriptions.

Commodity prices

Commodity prices have rebounded in recent months, leading corporate leaders to rethink their sourcing and pricing strategies, while closely monitoring potential signs of inflation. The strong rebound of industrial activity has created a shortage economy with direct impacts on the availability of raw materials, increases in the cost of transportation and delays in delivery, disrupting even well-organised supply chains.

Capital availability

Private equity (PE) continues to look for opportunities to invest; capital from family offices has grown; and SPACs generated some of the largest deals in the industry in 2021. SPAC deal activity slowed towards the end of 2021, but will continue to play a role in 2022, particularly in the automotive sub-sector.

Environmental, social and governance (ESG)

The ESG agenda impacts most facets of the IM&A industry: energy storage and use, production processes, sustainable transport, supply chain resiliency, health and safety, cultural issues, and diversity and inclusion. Corporates must leverage innovative technologies to keep up with industry regulations and meet their ESG commitments.

“The race to exploit emerging technologies within the industrial manufacturing and automotive sectors will continue to fuel M&A in the coming year, and accelerate already elevated valuations.”

Paul ElieGlobal Industrial Manufacturing and Automotive Deals Leader, Partner, PwC US

M&A outlook for industrial manufacturing and automotive sectors

The outlook for 2022 is positive. Companies in many industrial manufacturing and automotive sectors have turned the corner, and cautious optimism in global economic growth is expected to lead to strong M&A activity in all regions. Technology and ESG-focused assets will be the most attractive, with strong competition and high multiples valuation from corporates and PEs. In order to justify higher valuations and ensure the deal is accretive to earnings, CEOs need to focus on accelerated value creation plans.

value creation illustrations

About the data
We have based our commentary on M&A trends on data provided by industry-recognised sources. Specifically, values and volumes referenced in this publication are based on officially announced transactions, excluding rumoured and withdrawn transactions, as provided by Refinitiv as of 31 December 2021 and as accessed on 2 January 2022. This has been supplemented by additional information from Dealogic and our independent research, and includes data derived from data provided under license by Dealogic. Dealogic retains and reserves all rights in such licensed data. Certain adjustments have been made to the source information to align with PwC’s industry mapping. 

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Nicola Anzivino

Nicola Anzivino

Global Industrial Manufacturing & Automotive Deals Leader, Partner, PwC Italy

Paul Elie

Paul Elie

Global Industrial Manufacturing & Automotive Deals Leader, Partner, PwC United States

Sven Heinemann

Sven Heinemann

Partner, PwC Germany

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Darren  Jukes

Darren Jukes

Partner, PwC United Kingdom

George Lu

George Lu

Partner, PwC China

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Nobutaka Kanazawa

Partner, PwC Japan

Cara Haffey

Cara Haffey

Partner, PwC United Kingdom

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Chris Temple

Partner, PwC United Kingdom

Elaine Wu

Elaine Wu

Partner, PwC China

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Juan Alcíbar

Partner, PwC Spain

Marc Wintermantel

Marc Wintermantel

Partner, PwC Germany

Michelle Grant

Michelle Grant

Canada Energy, Utilities, Mining and Industrials Deals Leader, Partner, PwC Canada

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Joe Rafuse

Partner, PwC Canada

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Michelle Ritchie

Partner, PwC United States

Bob Long

Bob Long

Partner, PwC United States

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Partner, PwC France

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Partner, PwC Australia

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James Lee

Partner, PwC Australia

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Partner, PwC France

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