Hedge funds

Most hedge funds which have survived the crisis have returned to growth. Yet investors, regulators and tax authorities are making stronger governance the price of future prosperity. Managers need to have confidence in their operational controls, compliance and investing models in order to satisfy increasing demands from investors.


Hedge fund managers face increased regulation. The Private Fund Investment Advisers Registration Act in the United States and the Alternative Investment Fund Managers Directive in Europe are both having considerable impacts on the industry already, if only for the uncertainty that they have created until they are in effect. Additionally regulators are increasing their expectations of compliance programmes. Managers need to spend time planning and preparing.


Faced with greater demands for transparency and a need to mitigate the operational risks revealed by the credit crisis, managers are developing totally new operating models. These involve the entire infrastructure, including people, processes, technology, data and organisational design. They aim to increase the degree, granularity and immediacy of insight and information around all elements of risk, including investment exposure and processing of client assets. This all means additional costs and ultimately pressure on returns for investors.


Tax authorities across the globe are seeking investors’ identities (e.g. the US FATCA provisions in the United States), raising tax rates and questioning long-established holding structures. They are reinforcing all of this with increased audit activity. Managers must respond by improving their tax functions.


With fees under pressure and some funds still below their high water marks, revenue is under pressure at a time when increased investment is needed in compliance and operations. Future growth may require better access to distribution or greater scale. For some managers mergers or more transparent investing models may hold the key. Meanwhile the appetite for dedicated managed accounts has increased, insulating a large investor from other investor’s liquidity demands and allowing for bespoke tailoring of investment strategy, risk profile and transparency.


Hedge fund governance and operational risk management has been called into question by market events. Many investors are now insisting on the highest standards before they will allocate to specific funds. Are you aware of what constitutes best practice? Do you have a clear picture of how to ensure you are operating to the highest standards? We’re also seeing a marked increase in interest in third party assurance reporting by prime brokers and hedge fund managers.


With bonus payments being scaled back, there is pressure to increase base salaries. HR professionals have to decide how to redefine the overall compensation offering, taking into account upwards pay pressure from employees and criticism from shareholders, regulators and the public over ‘excessive’ incentive outcomes. Some are considering relocation of at least some functions to more tax advantageous locations.

Market reporting

Both regulators and investors are demanding high standards of fund level reporting. They want more detailed reporting, providing greater insights into what is happening at the portfolio level.

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Michael S. Greenstein

US Alternative Asset Management Leader

Tel: +1 (646) 471 3070

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Albertha Charles

Asset and Wealth Management Leader, Financial Services Partner, PwC United Kingdom

Tel: +44 (0) 7803 234274

Andrew O’Callaghan

Global Asset & Wealth Management Advisory Leader, Partner, PwC Ireland (Republic of)

Tel: +353 1 792 6247

Allison Rosier

Global Asset and Wealth Management Tax Leader, Partner, PwC United States

Tel: +1 (646) 465 0474

Peter Finnerty

Global Asset & Wealth Management, Assurance Leader

Tel: +1 (617) 530 4566

Seth Promisel

Asset and Wealth Management Trust Solutions Leader, PwC United States

Elizabeth Stone

UK Asset and Wealth Management Leader, Partner, PwC United Kingdom

Tel: +44 (0) 207 804 9678

Justin Ong

Asia-Pacific Asset & Wealth Management Leader, Partner, PwC Singapore

Tel: +65 6236 3708

Steven Libby

EMEA Asset and Wealth Management Leader, Partner, PwC Luxembourg

Tel: +352 49 48 48 2116