Pioneering a sustainable future

Carbon credit tokenisation

  • Publication
  • May 01, 2024

Understanding carbon credits

Carbon credits, also known as carbon offsets, are permits that allow the owner to emit a certain amount of carbon dioxide or other greenhouse gases. The direct relationship between sustainability and human prosperity prompts us to reimagine possibilities to integrate sustainable considerations, preferences, and practices in our day-to-day life.

This chart illustrates the projected increase in demand for carbon credits over the coming decades, highlighting the urgency and potential for market growth.

Carbon credits and tokenisation in numbers

The Transformation through tokenisation 

tokenisation  increases data transparency and traceability, hence it may become a suitable way of reducing GHG emission double counting and greenwashing issues.

The Role of Banks in Carbon Credit tokenisation 

Banks have a significant role to play in the emerging Carbon Credit tokenisation market, acting promptly can position them as game-changing players in the Virtual Assets space.

Being at the forefront of this innovative market demonstrates a commitment to environmental responsibility and sets a standard for others to follow.

Banks that embrace Carbon Credit tokenisation early can cater to this demand, attracting a new segment of environmentally conscious clients.

Banks that actively contribute to the development of Carbon Credit tokenisation mechanisms can align with global imperatives, demonstrating a commitment to combating climate change.

Banks can create new tokenised securities such as  structured products or green bonds associated to the tokenised carbon credits, and benefit from an enhanced reputation and better branding, especially as climate-related concerns become more and more widespread. 

Opportunities for the Banks

The tokenisation of carbon credits opens a plethora of opportunities for banks, including the introduction of new financial products like tokenized securities, green bonds, and structured products linked to the tokenized carbon credits.

Ecosystem Creation

Banks have the opportunity to create an ecosystem offering their clients and partners  wishing to offset their carbon exposure with an access to a secure and user-friendly marketplace. The marketplace would provide the capability to efficiently evaluate, buy, exchange and redeem carbon credits

Increase Trust

Banks act as a facilitator by sourcing trustworthy and quality carbon credits projects before tokenizing new tokens and listing them on the platform. Clients can trust the bank for performing due diligences on multiple projects which ultimately reduces the risk of greenwashing 

Price Discovery

The OTC Bulletin Board and/or order books available for clients to trade on the primary and secondary market will improve access to liquidity and generate a better and more transparent price discovery mechanism

Fulfil ESG Commitments

Banks can capture ESG opportunities and remain aligned with the different commitments taken by their respective boards. They can also strengthen the relationships with their key clients who also need to reach their own ESG targets

Product Innovation

Carbon credit tokenisation offers the opportunity for banks to create hybrid financial products such as carbon baskets, tokenized structured products and green bonds. Powered by DLT and smart contracts, those new
products would be more accessible and offer a more seamless process for issuers as well as increased portfolio diversification to clients

Network Effect

Banks can create a network effect by building consortiums or partnerships with other banks as well as other companies wishing to be actively involved in the ESG space. The growth of the ecosystem would also further support the supply of quality projects

Carbon Credit tokenisation : Fils’ Use Cases

Fils' enterprise-grade digital infrastructure enables businesses of all sizes to embed sustainable and climate action into their business models and customer journeys across industries.

Case Studies

AirCarbon Exchange (ACX)

ACX has established the world's first regulated carbon exchange and clearinghouse, leveraging tokenisation  to enhance efficiency and transparency in carbon trading.

Project Genesis 2.0

Led by the BIS Innovation Hub, Genesis 2.0 explores the integration of blockchain and smart contracts for digital carbon offsets with green bonds, enhancing transparency and accountability in green project financing.

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Carbon Credit tokenisation

For comprehensive understanding of Carbon credit tokenisation

Serena Sebastiani

Virtual Assets Financial Services Consulting Lead, PwC Middle East


Oliver Sykes

Partner, Blockchain, Technology, Cybersecurity, PwC Middle East


Mark Stanley

Partner, Financial Services Consulting, PwC Middle East

+971 56 411 9259


Anand Balasubramanian

Partner, Financial Services Consulting, PwC Middle East

+971 56 603 0036


Alexandre Tabbakh

Virtual Assets Specialist, PwC Middle East


Gianluca Masini

Virtual Assets Strategy & Ops, PwC Middle East


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