2019 New Brunswick budget: Tax highlights

March 21, 2019

Issue 2019-10

In brief

On March 19, 2019, New Brunswick’s Minister of Finance, Ernie Steeves, presented the province’s budget. The budget does not change corporate or personal income tax rates, but does:

  • announce that the province will not parallel the federal measure that phases out the small business deduction limit for private corporations that earn passive investment income exceeding $50,000
  • reintroduce the New Brunswick tuition tax credit

This Tax Insights discusses the tax initiatives proposed in the budget. 

In detail

Business tax measures

Corporate income tax rates

New Brunswick’s corporate income tax rates will remain as shown in the table below. The table also shows combined federal/New Brunswick corporate tax rates.

Federal and New Brunswick corporate rates

New Brunswick

Federal + New Brunswick

 

2018

2019 - 2020

2018

2019 - 2020

General and M&P income

14%

29%

Canadian-controlled private corporations (CCPCs)

 

active business income to $500,000

2.62% (1)

2.5%

12.62%

11.5% (2)

investment income

14%

52.67%

1. New Brunswick’s small business tax rate decreased from 3% to 2.5% on April 1, 2018.
2. The combined rate reflects the decline in the federal small business tax rate from 10% to 9% on January 1, 2019

Passive investment income and the small business deduction (SBD) limit

New Brunswick will not parallel the 2018 federal budget measure that phases out the $500,000 SBD limit for Canadian-controlled private corporations (CCPCs) that earn between $50,000 and $150,000 of passive investment income in a taxation year, for taxation years beginning after 2018. By not paralleling the federal measure, a CCPC could continue to save up to $57,500 in New Brunswick tax annually.

Personal tax measures

Personal income tax rates

The budget does not change New Brunswick personal income tax rates. Top combined federal/New Brunswick personal income tax rates are shown below. These rates apply to individuals with taxable incomes above $210,371 in 2019 ($205,842 in 2018).

Top combined federal/New Brunswick rates 

2018

2019

Ordinary income & interest

53.30%

Capital gains

26.65%

Canadian dividends

eligible

33.51%

non-eligible

46.88%

47.75% (1)

1. The combined non-eligible dividend tax rate reflects the decline in the federal and New Brunswick non‑eligible dividend tax credit rates (which results from decreases to the federal and New Brunswick small business tax rates, as noted above).

Tuition tax credit

The budget proposes to reintroduce the province’s tuition tax credit. Individuals will be able to claim this personal income tax credit when they file their annual tax return in 2020.

Contact us

Scott Greer

Partner, PwC Canada

Tel: +1 506 653 9417

Brenda Belliveau

Regional Tax Leader, PwC Canada

Tel: +1 902 491 7415

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