It is a document with key information about the main guidelines to consider when developing business in Colombia. You will find a brief review of the current conditions and main economic indicators, as well as a summary of the essential regulatory aspects for companies and investors.
Colombia is a diverse country, its people, its fauna, its flora and its geographical location consolidate it as one of the most attractive countries to invest, travel and develop new businesses in the region.
Despite the high macroeconomic volatility resulting from the pandemic, the Colombian economy has recovered significantly, showing growth of 7.5% at the end of 2022. This growth was mainly driven by an increase in domestic consumption, caused by the recovery of employment and the increase in investment within the country. The promotion of foreign investment continues to be one of the main focuses to continue promoting and strengthening the economy of our country, for this reason, different policies have been advanced and tax benefits have been expanded to attract investors from different countries of the world.
The United States, Spain, Switzerland and China are the countries that invest the most in Colombia, but in recent years, the flexibility in the processes and in the policies tending to encourage foreign investment that the Colombian government has implemented have attracted the attention of Countries like Norway, Singapore, Isles of Man, Cyprus and Sri Lanka, among others that are already making strong investments in Colombia. This shows that foreign investment has been finding important advantages to leverage the economy and profitability of the business, in turn generating employment, investing in infrastructure projects and strengthening environmentally friendly investments to thus ensure sustainable and responsible use and exploitation. of the country's resources.
This third edition of this PwC Colombia publication, called Doing Business in Colombia 2023, aims to provide valuable information to people and companies interested in making or consolidating their investments in the country. We hope that our publication will once again be a key tool in understanding our legal system and that it will be useful for you to have an overview of our business environment, both for local and foreign investors. On the following pages you will find a brief overview of the current conditions and the main economic indicators, as well as a summary of the essential regulatory aspects for companies and investors.
The Ethics and Compliance Programs (PEC) to be implemented by the companies in Colombia gather a series of guidance and recommendations about international standards and best practices that may vary according to different aspects. Some of these factors are the sector or industry to which they belong, total revenue and/or total assets of the company.
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The international investments in Colombia are divided in foreign investment in Colombia and Colombian capital investment abroad.
In order to promote trade, investment and employment generation in the country, there is a free-trade regime in Colombia composed by geographical areas within the country, but for customs purposes they are considered as external territories.
The formal obligations are Local Report, Master Report, Country-per-Country Report, Notification of Country-per-Country Report, and Informative Statement of Pricing Transfer.
The formal sanctions for the pricing transfer regime are included in the Article 260-11 of the Tax Statute.
The Colombian legal system incorporates different jurisdictions within its legislation. Through them, controversies between individuals, and between them and the State can be solved. As a general rule, controversies between individuals are solved before the Ordinary Jurisdiction, while those with the State should be solved before the Contentious-Administrative Jurisdiction.
The Colombian tax system establishes taxes at national and subnational (departmental and municipal) level. The main taxes at national level are income tax and complementary capital earning tax, equity tax (temporary validity), sales tax (VAT), special national tax, and tax on financial movements.
However, foreign entities are only encumbered for their income and occasional gains from national source.
In Colombia, investment vehicles are supported by constitutional principles, such as the equality right, company freedom protection, and private initiative.
There are six regular obligations that are required for companies and other entities by the legislation:
The state contracting is a set of standards regulating all procedures performed by State entities to execute any required contracts to comply with institutional duties, goals, and objectives.
Any controversies between individuals are solved before the Ordinary Jurisdiction, while those with the State should be solved before the Contentious-Administrative Jurisdiction. In order to guarantee the principles of the administrative duty, a series of modalities to select contractors have been established:
The labor law is divided in two areas, Individual Labor Law regulating any relationships between employer and employees, and Collective Labor Law.
Every employer must pay its workers, who earn an ordinary wage, the following social benefits: severance aid, interests on severance, service premium, transport, footwear, and clothing aid.
Foreign workers have the same rights and obligations as Colombian workers.
Colombia regulates the entry and permanence of foreign people in the country through a migratory regime. This chapter provides the regulations established by the Ministry of Foreign Relations for citizens from restricted countries.
The Colombian migratory regime offers more than 20 types of visas as well, between which the following stand out:
Socia Fusiones, Adquisiciones y Estructuración de Proyectos, PwC Colombia
Tel: (601) 743 1111