Financial management capacity i.e. existing internal control weaknesses and integrating redundant inherited financial management systems (such as disparate, non-integrated, outdated, and inefficient systems and processes).
Water resources, assets, and systems management e.g water investments planning, maintenance of WSS infrastructure, quality control and assurance, urban WSS management, reducing Non-Revenue Water, leakage control, and equipment installation.
Commercialisation constraints such as setting of utility rates, supply vs demand management, metering strategies, end user efficiency strategies, and active detection of illegal connections and water pilferage to reduce commercial losses.
Workforce challenges and organisation structure review to improve, attract and retain employees with knowledge, skills and abilities required for each position within the utility in the context of local labour market conditions.
Asset ownership issues to enable utilities to develop comprehensive investment decisions regarding WSS infrastructure in its service area.
Utility self financing constraints to finance their existing capital expenditure programmes and enhance subsequent bankability.