One of the significant tax law changes introduced in the 2018 Budget which takes effect from 1 January 2018 is a change to the taxation of long service leave entitlements.
The aim of the provisions is to broadly align the taxation treatment of long service leave paid out on termination with the taxation treatment of lump sum payments exiting the superannuation environment. Currently, long service leave is taxed at marginal rates, whereas superannuation fund payouts can benefit from reduced rates of personal taxation based on the period of membership of the fund. As the change is effective from 1 January 2018, there can be a substantial reduction in the applicable tax for long term employees who defer their retirement to access the reduced rates.
The impact of the changes can be seen in the following table:
The concessional rates are applicable for long service leave accruing at no more than six months for 15 years of service.
The 2018 Budget introduced a range of new sections in the Income Tax Act to further develop the controls and usefulness of TINs as a method for tax administration.
Currently TINs are not required for taxpayers that earn only income that has been subject to tax on a withholding basis. This removes the obligation for obtaining a TIN for most individual taxpayers whose income is from salary of wages or bank interest. However, the changes to the Income Tax Act that will be effective from 1 January 2018 seem to indicate that this limitation will no longer be applicable. Further, the provision of a TIN to a financial institution in order to open (and maintain) a bank account has been introduced. Although the requirement for a TIN does not apply to non-residents, presumably a non-resident with a bank account in PNG may require a TIN to meet the requirements of the financial institutions.
The changes to the act also require that the taxpayer notify the IRC within 28 days for changes in taxpayer details, including change of address, change of business, change of email contact etc. This requirement appears to duplicate the obligations of an entity registered with the IPA to notify that agency of changes in operations.
The changes to the act also introduce a range of penalties associated with TINs including:
Historically, the IRC’s position is that they were ill-equipped to be able to administer a system with universal requirements for TINs to be issued to all taxpayers. We are currently seeking further clarification from the IRC in relation to the implementation of these requirements.
Of the budget changes that focussed on reversing some of the unintended consequences from the 2017 Budget, the re-introduction of the dividend rebate for dividends that pass between domestic companies is perhaps the most relevant as we come to the end of 2017. The fix has been done by way of eliminating the repeal provision that was introduced in the last budget.
Although there has been some questions raised as to whether this mechanism is sufficient to clarify the position for the 2017 year, we believe that it does remove the uncertainty that has surrounded dividends declared in 2017.
Although the IPA’s plan for de-registration of non-compliant entities remains, the impact of the recent outages of the on-line registry and the delays of a number of weeks in getting the system up and running has meant that de-registration actions will not commence until early 2018.
If you would like to know more about these recent developments or have any other questions, please get in touch with your usual PwC contact.