Gender equality and environmental sustainability are two of the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. Are those two outcomes complementary? Recent research suggests that empowering women can empower the earth—and ensure the needs of the present won't compromise the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. This paper explores the interconnectedness between gender equality and sustainability along four possible pathways. Many women are stuck in a vicious web of poverty, high fertility, poor health, environmental degradation and lack of opportunities. Women must be empowered as ambassadors of natural resources and the environment and as contributors to socio-economic progress if the earth is to be sustainably developed. Learn about four pathways that relate female empowerment with sustainability by downloading Empowering women to empower the earth.