What is corporate reporting?

The exact definition of corporate reporting differs depending on who you speak to. However, throughout this web site we use the term ‘corporate reporting’ to refer to the presentation and disclosure aspects ― as distinct from accounting/measurement ― of the following areas of reporting:

  • Integrated reporting
  • Financial reporting
  • Corporate governance
  • Executive remuneration
  • Corporate responsibility
  • Narrative reporting

Integrated reporting
Integrated reporting is about connecting information about an organisation’s current decisions with its future prospects; connecting information about strategy, risk, remuneration and performance; and recognising that the economy, environment and society are inseparable and therefore information provided to understand an organisation’s performance in each of these areas needs to be viewed as part of a whole. Integrated reporting helps boards of directors to see the issues they face more clearly, and enables them to explain their business rationale to stakeholders with greater clarity and authority.

Financial reporting
At the core of the corporate reporting model is the financial reporting model, consisting of financial statements and accompanying notes that comply with generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP).

Corporate governance
The processes by which companies are directed and controlled. Levels of disclosure differ worldwide but might include information on board composition and development, accountability and audit and relations with shareholders.

Executive remuneration
How executives are rewarded, both in the short and longer-term, for delivering their company’s strategic objectives.

Corporate responsibility
Corporate responsibility includes the communication about how companies understand and manage their impact on people, clients, suppliers, society, and the environment in order to deliver increased value to all their stakeholders.

Narrative reporting
Narrative reporting is shorthand for the critical contextual and non-financial information that is reported alongside financial information to provide a broader, more meaningful understanding of a company's business, its market position, strategy, performance and future prospects. It includes quantified metrics for these areas.