The impact of electric vehicles on the energy industry

This study is part of the Austrian Climate Research Programme

The aim of this study is to provide an analysis of the impact that electric vehicles would have on the Austrian energy industry. The assumption that was made for this study is that purely electric vehicles were to be examined, meaning vehicles running on batteries without combustion engines. Taking as a basis data from 2007, the study examines the nature of the impact in the years 2020 and 2030. The underlying assumption of the study is that electric vehicles will make up 20% of the total number of passenger cars, light duty vehicles and two-wheeled vehicles existing on the market where all registered vehicles are the data basis.

Based on a traffic impact analysis, the following issues were examined in this study:

  • Impact on electricity generation through the charging of electric vehicles
  • Impact on the public power grid
  • Changes to the Austrian carbon footprint
  • Economic analysis including a cost-benefit calculation