The Sarbanes-Oxley Act, which recently marked its 10th anniversary, created the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (PCAOB) - the regulator of the public company auditing profession in the United States. One of the PCAOB’s important duties is to annually inspect the largest accounting firms that audit public company financial statements.
PwC's 10minutes on audit committee effectiveness notes a leading practice for audit committees is to "learn from the results of the auditor's internal and external regulator quality inspections." The publication also points out that if auditors do not initiate discussions about these inspections and reviews, i.e., both internal inspections conducted by the audit firm itself and those conducted by the PCAOB, audit committees should. [For more details, read BoardroomDirect June 2012.]
On August 1, the PCAOB released a document: Information for Audit Committees About the PCAOB Inspection Process. It outlines inquiries that an audit committee should consider making of its audit firm about the firm’s inspections. It also contains information to help audit committees understand the inspection process. The PCAOB makes the point in its release that information regarding inspection results can have value for an audit committee not only in relation to the audit committee’s oversight and evaluation of the audit engagement generally, but also in relation to the audit committee’s role in the oversight of the company’s financial reporting process. [Click here to read the PCAOB's statement on the release.]
PwC welcomes the PCAOB's outreach to audit committees with this release. We believe it can be helpful in facilitating robust dialogues between audit committees and auditors about audit quality in general, in addition to relevant quality indicators, including PCAOB inspection results. We also believe it will be helpful for audit committees to understand the investments firms are making in continuous quality improvements at a high level as well as engagement specific enhancements based on quality indicators.
We will continue to address the important topic of audit quality in upcoming issues of BoardroomDirect.
Corporate governance proposals seeking board declassification, adoption of a majority voting requirement, and the elimination of supermajority voting requirements were the most successful in the 2012 proxy season, according to recent reports. At the same time in its second year the number of failed advisory Say on Pay votes increased while the number of directors targeted for removal decreased.
According to The Conference Board's Proxy Voting Fact Sheet issued on August 1, the largest number of proposals filed at Russell 3000 companies as of June 30 related to corporate governance (352 proposals). Of those, approximately 66% were voted upon, 28% were omitted from the proxy statement by management, and 3% were withdrawn by their sponsors.
Among corporate governance shareholder proposals, board declassification (which would result in all directors being up for election annually) was the most popular, averaging 80% “for” votes. Other widely supported proposals were the elimination of supermajority voting requirements (68%) and the adoption of majority voting in director elections (61%), The Conference Board reported.
Among shareholder proposals on social and environmental policy, support level remained consistently low despite increased volume, according to The Conference Board. Political issue-related proposals received an average "for" vote of less than 20% among the 70 that were included in proxy statements. Thirty-two environmental issue proposals also received "for" votes of less than 20 percent.
Support for executive compensation proposals remained about the same in 2012 compared to 2011 with nearly 98% passing and 92% receiving more than 70% support. However, the number of failed executive compensation proposals increased to 53 from 40, according to a Sullivan & Cromwell report on Say on Pay.
The Conference Board reported that although the number of failed Say on Pay votes increased in 2012, the total number of compensation-related proposals geared toward directors decreased to 63 (less than half of the volume in 2009 and 2010). Of those proposals, there appeared to be more focus on the introduction of retention periods for equity-based awards (26 of the 63 proposals, up from 14 proposals in the January 1 to August 3, 2011 period) and limiting golden parachutes and other severance agreements perceived as extravagant (12 of the 63 proposals, up from 7 in the 2011 period).
For more information on the 2012 proxy season, view an archive of PwC's Center for Board Governance Proxy Insights and Trends webcast.
For companies holding or thinking about holding virtual annual shareholder meetings, a best practices working group led by the institutional investor CalSTRS published Guidelines for Protecting and Enhancing Online Shareholder Participation in Annual Meetings. [Read the press release here.]
The Best Practices Working Group for Online Shareholder Participation in Annual Meetings comprises retail and institutional investors, public company representatives, and proxy and legal service providers. The group published the report in June to make companies aware of safeguards that should be in place during virtual-only and hybrid shareholder meetings. (A virtual-only meeting refers to one where shareholders can participate only through online technology while a hybrid is where the in-person meeting is broadcast to remote shareholders).
The 12-page report includes sections on principles, best practices, and relevant laws and listing standards. Three principles the group adopted are:
For a synopsis of the report, read The Harvard Law School Forum on Corporate Governance and Financial Regulation blog post from the working group.