Statistical Information - Tanzania

President: Jakaya Mrisho Kikwete (December 21, 2005).
   
Population:   36.2 million
   
Geography:   Tanzania covers an area of 945087 sq km, 59050 sq km of which is water The islands Mafia, Zanzibar, Ugunja and Pemba are included in this area.

The geography varies from tropical plains along coast to temperate in highlands in north and south.

Arable land makes up only 3% of land use, and the majority of the country is in permanent pastures (40%) and forests and woodland (38%).

Natural hazards are flooding on the central plateau during the rainy season and drought.

     
Major Cities:   Dar es Salaam, Arusha, Dodoma,(capital) Moshi, Iringa, Mwanza, Tabora, Tanga, Zanzibar
     
Languages:   Kiswahili or Swahili (official), Kiunguja (name for Swahili in Zanzibar), English (official, primary language of commerce, administration, and higher education), Arabic (widely spoken in Zanzibar), many local languages.
     
Religions:   Mainland- Christianity (45%), Muslim (35%), traditional beliefs (20%)
Zanzibar- more than 99% Muslim
     
Currency:   Tanzanian shillings (Tzs) per US $1
     
Resources:   Hydropower, tin, phosphates, iron ore, coal, diamonds, gemstones, gold, natural gas, nickel, coffee, cotton, tea
     
Major Trading Partners:  

Major export partners: India, the UK, Germany, Japan and the Netherlands.

Main import partners: Japan, South Africa, the UK, Kenya, India and the US.

     
GNP per capita:   $250
   
GDP Total:   $9 billion
   
GDP growth rate:   5.1% annually
   
External Debt:   $7 million
   
Debt as a proportion of GDP:   58.3%


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