This case study is referred to in the report, Collaboration: Preserving water through partnering that works. There is one for each step of the Collaboration Framework. Click on the step you would like to find out more about to read the supporting case study.
In central and western India there are regions that have a natural rain deficit. These areas get limited monsoon rains as well as limited natural surface water sources.
Over time, as the power supply has increased, farmers have started harvesting the ground water for agricultural and domestic needs. This ground water usage is so extensive that in the last few decades there has been an alarming decline in the water table.
So the challenge was to preserve the current water table and yet provide water access for domestic and agricultural needs.
The plan was to calculate the amount of water captured during the year’s rains and allocate it for various uses both domestic and agricultural. Having allocated the amount of water available for agriculture, the cropping cycle and pattern could be carried out in a way that would maximise returns.
The process took over 15 years and began with 1 farmer who achieved higher returns with less water. After his success, this farmer:
Over 620 hectares, farmers moved from 1 annual field crop to 3 seasonal greenhouses.
This significantly increased the farmers’ income and yet maintained the water table. This also ensured sufficient availability of water for domestic use.