This two-part paper discusses Canada's export controls program. This federal government program applies to certain goods, electronic offerings (including software or other intangible property delivered by email or by way of the Internet), services and in some cases to specific knowledge which is possessed by individuals who are travelling outside Canada.
The first section discusses the structure and administration of Canada's export controls program including a summary of the Export and Import Permit Act and practical issues related to specific control measures and export control compliance. This section also canvasses the range of penalties and offences associated with breaches of Canada's export control laws. In addition to the statutory violations, this section canvasses a number of other considerations (including public relations concerns) associated with breaches of export control laws.
The second section of this paper discusses the export control list including its structure, organization and contents. It also provides guidance to help exporters better assess whether their exports of goods, electronic offerings or services are subject to controls.